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IKAROS: The hidden warrior

IKAROS is an essential protein in immune cells responsible for their development, protection against pathogens and, more importantly, cancer. Thanks to researchers at Monash University in Australia, our comprehension of gene control networks has been reshaped.

 

As a master regulator, IKAROS governs the differentiation and maturation of various immune cells, including lymphocytes. These cells are the frontline soldiers in our defence against infections and malignant threats. When the transcription factor Ikaros/Ikzf1 was deliberately inhibited in preclinical testings, the activity of Natural Killer (NK) cells and our frontline soldiers plunged.


''Loss of this transcription factor in NK cells resulted in wide-spread dysregulation of NK cell development and function, preventing their ability to recognize and kill virus-infected cells and clear metastatic tumour cells from circulation.''


Related family members Aiolos/Ikzf3 and Helios/Ikzf2 partially compensated for the loss of Ikaros. However, after inhibiting multiple family members NK cells underwent rapid apoptosis (death).


IKAROS is quietly ensuring the resilience of our immune system. Understanding the nuances of this protein opens new routes for therapeutic interventions, paving the way for innovative strategies to bolster immune function and combat diseases.



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